Methods and Techniques of Academic Writing

All students need to learn the core skill set of academic writing. You need to be able to articulate your ideas with grace, clarity, and strength if you want to thrive in the cutthroat world of academia. 

This type of writing’s primary goal is to deepen the reader’s comprehension of a certain subject. 

Assignments, essays, research, theses, reaction papers, etc., can all be written in this manner. It is also organized and supported by facts.

The methods and techniques presented in this article can assist you in improving and polishing your academic writing so you may dazzle your teachers, classmates, and even publications. 

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methods and techniques of academic writing

Ways To Achieve Excellence In Academic Writing

Given below are some methods and techniques that you must follow to achieve success with your academic writing—

1. Set An Achievable Goal

Setting objectives is a frequent activity in the academic and professional worlds. However, establishing goals specifically for writing might have its own distinct advantages. Setting writing objectives helps to simplify the process of improving one’s writing down into smaller, more manageable steps. 

You list the exact talents you wish to develop, then create a plan with tasks and resources to support you. Three or more writing appointments per term can significantly improve academic performance, perseverance, and student retention. In addition, setting writing objectives might help you stay motivated to write. 

When you lack energy or begin to stray from your course, you can also take help from an essay writing service. This can help you stay tuned with your writing goals and objectives, even during the most difficult times.

2. Identify Information And Its Source

The authority and weight of academic sources are greater than those of other genres. A source is more reliable if a recognized leader in the field authors it. A group of referees reviews an article before it is accepted for publishing in a scholarly journal, for instance. 

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Books, journals, and reports are the most typical types of academic sources. The goal of academic writing is to inform. It only tries to persuade someone to buy something or provide their personal viewpoint after considering the facts or reasoning. 

Academic sources are not likely to be overtly biased. Although secondary sources have the advantage of professional analysis and context, primary sources nevertheless offer a clear “first-hand narrative.”

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3. Understand The Importance Of An Abstract

Prospective readers can easily get the abstract as the first and frequently only component of a published article through a database search. 

The work may be relegated to literature search obscurity as a result of indexers making errors or omissions due to an inadequate or subpar abstract. Most prospective readers “do not see the material beyond its abstract.” 

A narrative review attempts to summarize, assess, and evaluate the most recent literature on a subject. For example, a critical care nurse’s review article may concentrate on best practices for promoting early mobility or managing a patient with chest injuries.

Here are some strategies you must keep in mind when penning the abstract—

  • Recognize the fundamental characteristics of every abstract. 
  • Adhere to the journal’s guidelines.
  • Differentiate between abstract kinds. 
  • Adapt abstractions to different article types. 

It is useful if authors explain how and where they chose the articles they reviewed in an abstract so that readers can assess the reviews’ validity and objectivity.

4. Maintain Brevity

Quickly getting to the point can improve your clarity of thought and writing style. Recognize and cut down on prepositional phrases (which begin with words like in and for). Delete any extraneous qualifiers (such as “really” in this sentence). 

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These minor adjustments might not seem like much, but they add up. Asking yourself, “What do I truly mean here?” might sometimes be the simplest approach to simplify a wordy statement. This strategy could be more effective than simply editing your current sentence.

Several expressions may be substituted with a single word. First, find the negatives and replace them with the positives. 

The subject (the person or thing executing the action) appears first in an active sentence; the object (the item receiving the act) comes last in a passive sentence. 

Examine the primary verb of each phrase to see whether it contains a form of “be” (am, is, are, was, were, or were), as well as a past tense verb (many finish with -ed).

5. Maintain A Formal Language

In order to communicate concepts to readers as accurately and explicitly as possible, academic writing requires a formal tone marked by deliberate language choices. 

It is advised to discover formal alternatives for colloquialisms you would otherwise be tempted to employ to make the greatest impression. 

Although academic writing involves a certain amount of formality, this does not mean you should be haughty or exaggerated. 

Given below are two quick solutions that you can try to avoid informal or colloquial language during your academic writing—

  • A quick Google search for “define to hand” returns the definition of “within easy reach” as the formal equivalent of “to hand.” 
  • The online Macau Dictionary from Macquarie Dictionary provides a collection of idioms that use the term hand.

Talking about language, you may also like to learn Top Ten Free Online Courses in Languages in 2022.

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6. Do Your Formatting Right

Academic writing requires careful formatting. So, naturally, your paper’s structure will depend on your referencing style and your academic institution, department, and subject.

Typically, you will be asked to use a 12-point serif typeface, a line spacing of 1.5 to 2.0 lines, and to allow a gap between paragraphs rather than indent the first line of each.

To ensure that your work is well-presented, you should also pay special attention to how you structure headings and titles, tables, pictures, and graphs.

7. Proofread Before Submission

Authors should proofread their articles for any spelling or grammar problems before submitting them for evaluation. Hiring a skilled, experienced proofreading service is a great approach to ensuring your document is of the highest caliber. 

Use an online editing tool to find any spelling or grammar errors that could have escaped attention during the first two phases.

Once you’ve finished writing your essay, the next stage is to have someone else read it and comment on the organization, coherence, and overall flow. 

You may make any necessary adjustments to portions that need further explanation. Even if something makes sense to you, it might not make sense to someone else or provide the context you need for your argument to make sense.

Write To Establish A Fact

Academic papers should provide a thorough list of the sources they rely on, along with compelling justifications for their reliability. 

This makes it simpler for editors and scholars to review the publication’s conclusions supported by bibliographic information quickly. At the very least, academic work must include a thorough list of its sources.

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